Farsi, also known as Persian, is the official language of Iran and is spoken widely in both Iran and Afghanistan. It is also spoken by many inhabitants of Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Armenia and Azerbaijan. There are some 23 million speakers of Farsi representing about 50 percent of Iran's total population as well as over 5.5 million Dari Persian speakers in Afghanistan, which represents about 25 percent of that nation's total population. Another 1 million speakers of the Dari Persian dialect currently live in Pakistan.
The government of Afghanistan uses both "Dari" and "Persian" while the Academy of Persian Language and Literature call their language simply "Persian".
Persian is an Indo-European language, classified in the Indo-Iranian subgroup. As a classic language, Persian has been very important in literature and science in the Eastern portion of the Muslim-predominant areas of the Middle East. Persian influences can be found in most of the Turkic languages spoken in Central Asia and in the languages of South Asia, mainly Urdu. Classical Persian had remained basically unchanged until the nineteenth century when, having been elected the capital of Persia in 1787, the dialect of Teheran became dominant and ultimately the basis of Contemporary Standard Persian. Although the language continues to contain a sizable number of Arabic terms, most borrowed terms have been nativized.
Persian Translation Services
Although the term "Persian" is often used in English, Native Iranians and Afghans normally refer to the Persian language as "Farsi". The term "Persian" is a Western exonym, while the local population has been calling itself Iran since around 1000 BC. In other words, Persia and Iran are one and the same as are the Persian and Farsi languages.
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